Prof. Dr. Yıldırım Ahmet Bayazıt, Head of Ear Nose and Throat Diseases Department, Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital, Yeni Yüzyıl University, while making important statements about ‘tinnitus’, added that leaving the tinnitus untreated can lead to hearing loss.
“SEE MORE COMMON IN AGING AGES”
What is tinnitus (ringing)?
“Tinnitus is when you hear ringing or other noises in one or both ears. The noise you hear when you have tinnitus is not caused by an external sound and other people usually cannot hear it. Tinnitus is a common problem. It affects about 15% to 20% of people and is more common, especially with advancing age.
Tinnitus can often be caused by age-related hearing loss, exposure to loud noise, or a problem with the circulatory system. For many people, tinnitus improves with treatment of the underlying cause or other treatments that reduce and mask the tinnitus and can make the tinnitus less noticeable.”
“CAN ALWAYS BE AVAILABLE OR GO AND RETURN”
What are the symptoms of tinnitus (ringing)?
“Tinnitus can also be defined as the patient’s perception of a sound without an acoustic stimulus. This sound can have different tones, features and characters. The sound, which is often heard as a ringing, is sometimes described as humming, bells, wind or whistling, machinery noise, rustling, pulsing sounds.
Most people with tinnitus have tinnitus that only you can hear. The sounds of tinnitus can range from a low roar to a loud squeak, and you can hear it in one or both ears. In some cases, the volume can be so loud that it prevents you from concentrating or hearing other sounds. Tinnitus may be present all the time or it may come and go.
In rare cases, tinnitus may present as a rhythmic pulse or humming sound, usually at the same time as your heartbeat. This is called pulsatile tinnitus. If you have pulsatile tinnitus, your doctor may hear your tinnitus when they examine you (objective tinnitus)”
See your doctor as soon as possible if:
– If you have hearing loss or dizziness with tinnitus
– If you are experiencing anxiety or depression as a result of your tinnitus, contact your doctor as soon as possible.
What are common causes of tinnitus (ringing)?
For many people, tinnitus is caused by one of the following:
-Hearing loss. Your inner ear (cochlea) has tiny, delicate hair cells that move when your ear receives sound waves. This action triggers electrical signals along the nerve that goes from your ear to your brain (auditory nerve). Your brain interprets these signals as sound.
If the hair inside your inner ear is damaged, this happens as you get older or when you’re regularly exposed to loud noises. Your brain can detect random electrical impulses and cause tinnitus.
-Ear infection or ear canal obstruction. Your ear canals can become clogged with fluid buildup (ear infection), earwax, or other foreign matter. A blockage can change the pressure in your ear, causing tinnitus.
-Head or neck injuries. Head or neck trauma can affect the inner ear, auditory nerves, or brain functions associated with hearing. These types of injuries usually only cause ringing in one ear.
-Medicines. Some medications can cause or worsen tinnitus. In general, the higher the dose of these drugs, the worse the tinnitus. The unwanted noise usually goes away when you stop using these drugs.
Drugs known to cause tinnitus include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and some antibiotics, cancer drugs, diuretics, etc. drugs and antidepressants.
What are other causes of tinnitus (ringing)?
Less common causes of tinnitus include other ear problems, chronic health conditions, and injuries or conditions that affect the nerves in your ear or the hearing center in your brain.
What are the tinnitus treatment methods?
-Hearing Aid applications
Treatment for tinnitus may vary depending on the cause of the tinnitus. While tinnitus can be a simple and instant complaint, it can also appear as a symptom of an important disease such as skull tumors, circulatory disorders, and vascular diseases. For this reason, it is recommended that you do not neglect your routine health checks.