Assoc. Prof. Dr. İlhan Metin Dağsuyu stated that the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) has a complex structure and emphasized the importance of correct functioning in this structure where muscles, fibers, discs and bones come together. Dr. Dağsuyu explained that problems occurring in this structure may cause jaw joint disorders.
If your teeth are not positioned properly when you close your mouth or bite, a condition called malocclusion can occur. Crooked or misaligned teeth cause some teeth to sit unnaturally against the lower teeth. In this case, excess pressure can be placed on the jaw joint and cause jaw pain problems.
When jaw joint disease occurs, it feels like the jaw is about to pop out or lock for a moment. In some cases, pain occurs while eating, talking or resting, the mouth may not be able to open very wide, and sometimes a sound is heard from the joints.
Orthodontic treatments can resolve tooth misalignment and provide long-term jaw pain relief. Orthodontic treatment allows crooked, misaligned or overlapping teeth to be brought into better alignment. As the teeth are properly aligned, the teeth stop grinding and are not subjected to the constant pressure that causes jaw pain.
Assoc. Prof. Dr. İlhan Metin Dağsuyu said, “When you consult your dentist, after examining you, your dentist may use devices called night plates or splints (bite plates) for treatment. If your symptoms are caused by teeth clenching and grinding (Bruxism), this splint (night plate), which is custom-made for you by taking your mouth measurements, can be worn on the upper teeth at night to reduce friction and pressure. Another method is Masseter Botox, which is administered into the muscle and joint. This method can also provide relief in the muscles. If these treatments are not sufficient and the problem persists, orthognathic surgical treatment can be used.”